Maryland's Bar Admission Process

Passing the bar exam isn't enoughPassing the bar exam isn't enough.

Applicants for admission to the bar must show that they possess the personal qualities required to practice law and have the necessary character to justify the trust and confidence that the public and the legal system will place in them.

Before an applicant will be admitted to the Maryland bar, the aspiring lawyer must pass three levels of scrutiny from current members of the bar.

First, a Character Committee composed of volunteer attorneys makes a recommendation based upon one of its members' investigation. Second, the Board of Law Examiners will review these findings and recommendation, and may conduct further proceedings, before making a recommendation to the Court of Appeals. Finally, the Court of Appeals makes the ultimate decision on whether to admit the applicant.

The process starts with your submission of an Application for Admission to the Bar, where any error, omission or inconsistency may trigger a closer examination by the Character Committee member assigned to vet your background. If there is anything in your background that may raise issues, you would be wise to consult with an attorney specializing in character and fitness reviews to ensure the proper disclosures and wording before submitting this all-important document. Candid disclosures may not prevent further scrutiny, but they will certainly increase your prospects for admission as the character and fitness process proceeds.

Application for Admission to the Maryland Bar   Application for Admission
The first step in the process involves the completion of an application. Part II of the application is a Character Questionnaire, which must be completed with great care. If you are concerned about certain questions posed, or how best to respond to sensitive issues, you would be smart to consult with an attorney.
A member of the Character Committee is assigned to investigate   Committee Member Assigned
The Character Committee Chair assigns the application to a committee member for investigation. That member will review the Character Questionnaire carefully and contact references for verification of this data.
All Bar Applicants Are Interviewed by a Member of the Character Committee   Personal Interview
After you pass the Bar Examination, the committee member assigned to your case will interview you. This is more than a mere formality, as the member may pose important questions to determine whether you are fit to practice law.
Character Committee Makes Recommendation on Admission of Candidate   Recommendation to Committee Chair
The committee member reports the results of her investigation and her recommendation to the Chair of the Character Committee. If the Chair agrees with a favorable recommendation, he will sign the application and send it to the Board of Law Examiners. If the member does not recommend admission, or the Chair disagrees with the member, the Committee may conduct further investigation, or even hold hearings to evaluate an applicant's character and fitness, before making its recommendation to the Board.
Maryland Board of Law Examiners makes recommendation to Court of Appeals   Board of Law Examiners
Upon receiving the Character Committee's recommendation, the Board may likewise hold hearings before making its own recommendation to the Court of Appeals of Maryland. Like any hearing, an applicant whose character or fitness has been called into question should retain experienced counsel.
Maryland Court of Appeals makes the final decision on Bar Admissions   Court of Appeals Decision
Maryland's highest court has the last word on whether an applicant shall be admitted as a member of the Bar. In some instances, the Court will hear oral argument on an applicant's character or fitness and issue a written opinion on whether to grant admission to the bar.
When the Board of Law Examiners or a Character Committee questions your character and fitness for bar admission, bar applicants should retain an attorney to assist in disclosing information relevant to character and fitness, to guide them through the bar admissions process, and to represent applicants in hearings before the Character Committee, Board of Law Examiners and Court of Appeals of Maryland to determine whether they are fit to practice law. Character and fitness concerns may arise in connection with prior criminal convictions, academic dishonesty and honor code violations, addictions, drunk driving, neglected debts, and a failure to disclose material information on law school applications or on bar applications. If you have a history of misconduct, traffic citations, crimes, arrests and other facts to disclose in response to the character portion of the Maryland Bar Application, you should strongly consider retaining bar admissions counsel if you want to avoid denial of a law license and be granted a license to practice law. This is even true for applicants for admission to law schools as these applications ask similar questions about character. A failure to disclose facts material to your admission could result in a denial of bar admission.

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