DC Bar Admission Process

Passing the bar exam isn't enoughPassing the bar exam isn't enough.

Applicants for admission to the bar must show that they possess the personal qualities required to practice law and have the necessary character to justify the trust and confidence that the public and the legal system will place in them.

Before an applicant will be admitted to the DC Bar, the aspiring lawyer must prove that the applicant has the requisite moral character and fitness to practice law.

This process is governed by Rule 46 of the District of Columbia Court of Appeals and is administered by the DC Bar's Committee on Admissions.

Unlike the character interview used in some states, the DC Bar Admissions Committee does not meet with every bar applicant and there is no interview requirement. But in assessing the moral character and fitness of an applicant, the Committee may require the applicant to appear for an informal hearing before making its recommendation. If the Committee is unwilling to certify an applicant after an informal hearing, it must give the applicant the grounds for its refusal and the option of either withdrawing the application or requesting a formal hearing. Ultimately, the DC Court of Appeals makes the final decision on whether to admit the applicant.

Be Careful When Submitting Your Application to the DC Bar   Application for Admission
The process starts with your submission of an Application for Admission to the Bar, where any error, omission or inconsistency may trigger a closer examination by the Character Committee member assigned to vet your background. If there is anything in your background that may raise issues, you would be wise to consult with an attorney specializing in character and fitness reviews to ensure the proper disclosures and wording before submitting this all-important document. Candid disclosures may not prevent further scrutiny, but they will certainly increase your prospects for admission as the character and fitness process proceeds. The DC Bar application process has two components. Each applicant must create an account on the Committee on Admissions webpage, and complete a Character and Fitness Questionnaire at the National Conference of Bar Examiners (NCBE) website. Before hitting the button to submit your application, it is critical that you ensure the accuracy of each and every response.
     
The DC Bar Committee on Admissions may hold an informal hearing to assess an applicant's character and fitness   Informal Hearing
Although the District of Columbia does not conduct interviews as a matter of course, the Admissions Committee may require an applicant to appear for an informal hearing to review the moral character and general fitness of a bar admissions candidate. If all goes well, and the Committee believes that the candidate has proven the requisite character and fitness for admission, the next stop will be the swearing-in ceremony.
     
Character Committee Makes Recommendation on Admission of Candidate   Formal Hearing
If the Committee remains unconvinced after an informal hearing and denies certification, it will inform the applicant of the grounds for denial. The applicant will then have 30 days to request a formal hearing or the application will be deemed withdrawn.  Since this is an evidentiary hearing on the record, the applicant should retain counsel to examine and cross-examine witnesses and to produce evidence bearing on moral character and fitness to practice law. If the Committee remains unwilling to certify the applicant's admission, it will serve a written report of its findings upon the applicant, who then has 15 days to withdraw the application if he chooses to do so. If the applicant declined to withdraw the application, the Committee will send this report to the DC Court of Appeals.
     
The DC Court of Appeals will ultimately decide whether to grant an applicant a license to practice law   Court of Appeals Decision
The District of Columbia's highest court has the last word on whether an applicant shall be admitted as a member of the Bar. If, after receiving the Committee's report, the Court is inclined to deny admission, it will order the applicant to show cause why the application should not be denied. In these cases, the Court will hear oral argument on an applicant's character or fitness, review the record of the Admissions Committee hearing, and issue a written opinion on whether to grant admission to the bar.
     
With proper counsel at each step of the character review process, character and fitness issues need not prevent your admission to the bar   The Swearing-In
This is the ultimate goal of all bar applicants. With patience, persistence and the right counsel, lawyers who once presented serious character and fitness concerns have been able to raise their right hands and lead rewarding careers as members of the DC Bar.
When the Maryland Board of Law Examiners, DC Bar Committee on Admissions, or any character committee questions your character and fitness for bar admission, bar applicants should retain an attorney to assist in disclosing information relevant to character and fitness, to guide them through the bar admissions process, and to represent applicants in character committee hearings and in hearings before the Court of Appeals to determine whether they are fit to practice law. Character and fitness concerns may arise in connection with prior criminal convictions, academic dishonesty and honor code violations, addictions, drunk driving, neglected debts, and a failure to disclose material information on law school applications or on bar applications. If you have a history of misconduct, traffic citations, crimes, arrests and other facts to disclose in response to the character portion of the Maryland Bar Application or the DC Bar's NCBE application, you should strongly consider retaining bar admissions counsel if you want to avoid denial of a law license and get a license to practice law. This is even true for applicants for admission to law schools as these applications ask similar questions about character. A failure to disclose facts material to your admission could result in a denial of bar admission.

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